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尔雅医学英语阅读_2答案( 学习通2023题目答案)

学习通答案 2023-07-25 15:05
第一章 Sleeping health

1.1 insomnia定义、分类、治疗等随堂测验

1、A variety of mental disorders like ___________ can cause insomnia.
A、Restless Leg Syndrome
B、post shock stress disorders
C、bipolar disorder
D、compulsive disorders

2、Factors that may lead to the diagnosis of insomnia include
A、the difficulty of maintaining sleep
B、the frequent feeling of tiredness
C、life style factors
D、being unable to sleep for a certain amount of time to feel rested and refreshed

3、The worst type of insomnia is

1.3 word building随堂测验

1、There are relatively few ganglion cells in the periphery of the retina.
A、around
B、behind
C、inside
D、above

2、Shortly after her admission into the hospital she had a massive brain hemorrhage and died.
A、skin
B、nerve
C、poison
D、blood

The definition and category of insomnia

1、围绕“Short-sleeper和long-sleeper: 现代生活节奏与健康”,用英文发表3-5个句子的观点。

第二章 Vision and Eye health

2.1 cataract随堂测验

1、___________is the most common cause of vision loss in people over age 40 and is the principal cause of blindness.
A、diabetic retinopathy
B、glaucoma
C、cataract
D、macular degeneration

2、There may be correlations between cataract risk and diet type. The risk decreases in the following order: ___________.
A、Vegan, vegetarian, fish eaters, low meat eaters, moderate meat eaters and high meat eaters
B、Low meat eaters, moderate meat eaters, high meat eaters, vegetarian, vegan and fish eaters
C、High meat eaters, moderate meat eaters, low meat eaters, fish eaters, vegetarian and vegan
D、High meat eaters, moderate meat eaters, low meat eaters, vegetarian and vegan, fish eaters

3、Eye care practitioners recommend wearing sunglasses and a wide-brimmed hat to reduce___________
A、exposure to cosmic radiation
B、exposure to ultraviolet light
C、exposure to lead
D、exposure to sunshine

2.3 word building随堂测验

1、It is usually used for diagnostic optometry of clinical ophthalmology since it is simple, fast and does not need to have pupils dilated.
A、eye
B、vision
C、lens
D、iris

2、After lamellar keratoplasty or conjunctival flap covering, the melting could recur to cause loss of vision.
A、eye
B、pupil
C、cornea
D、retina

3、The main extra-articular manifestations of AS were enthesitis, iritis or iridocyclitis, urinary tract symptoms and chronic diarrhea, which might offer clues for the diagnosis.
A、cornea
B、eye
C、iris
D、retina

cataract surgery

1、手术治疗白内障的必要性

第三章 Human growth and development

3.1 disorientation and confusion随堂测验

1、___________ can cause transient ischemic attacks or mini-stokes.
A、Arteriosclerosis
B、Atherosclerosis
C、Dementia
D、disorientation

2、Chronic dementia is caused by___________
A、TIAs
B、cerebral vascular accidents
C、arteriosclerosis
D、a complete lack of or an inadequate amount of an enzyme

3、In the terminal stage of Alzheimer’s disease, patients may die of ___________.
A、pneumonia
B、hemorrhaging
C、kidney failure
D、infections

3.3 word building随堂测验

1、Citing the fear of bovine spongiform encephalopathy, commonly known as mad-cow disease, Japan has also limited imports of U. S. beef.
A、endocrine
B、cerebellum
C、brain
D、esophagus

2、Postherpetic neuralgia (PHN)is a refractory and painful disease, which causes severe suffering of the patients in psychology and physiology.
A、neuron
B、kidney
C、nucleus
D、nerve

3、It concluded that mobiles should be rated as "possibly carcinogenic" because of a possible link with a type of brain cancer - glioma.
A、neuroglia
B、sugar
C、ganglion
D、glucose

1-3单元测验

1、It is feasible to treat severe xerophthalmia by the free grafting of sublingual gland.
A、mouth
B、eye
C、nose
D、ear

2、The results show that the therapeutic effects are better, especially human hepatitis and hepatomegaly have been covered quickly.
A、liver
B、intestine
C、heart
D、pancreas

3、A cerebrovascular accident, or stroke, which damages brain cells, is one possible cause.
A、cerebellar
B、epencephalic
C、cerebral and haemal
D、of the vasculature

4、A blood clot can obstruct blood flow to the brain, or a vessel can rupture and cause hemorrhaging in the brain.
A、hemorrhoids
B、bloodletting
C、hemophilia
D、bleeding

5、Dementia, also called brain syndrome, is a loss of mental ability characterized by a decrease in intellectual ability, loss of memory, impaired judgment, personality change, and disorientation.
A、demeanour
B、menace
C、demesne
D、aphronesia

6、Hospice care can be offered in hospitals, medical centers, and special facilities, but most frequently it is offered in the patient’s home.
A、hostel
B、hostelry
C、insane asylum
D、hospital for the dying

7、Should a lab be so fortunate as to discover a molecule that cures a disease in a lab rat, the next step is to test its toxicity and efficacy in more lab animals.
A、toxin
B、toxemia
C、detoxification
D、poisonousness

8、As a whole, the incidence of dyssomnia in female stroke patients is higher than male.
A、sleep
B、breath
C、pain
D、tumor

9、Megalocardia can be detected by physical examination and by a chest radiograph.
A、abnormally small
B、anterior
C、abnormally large
D、posterior

10、The menstrual disturbances mainly manifested dysmenorrhea, excessive bleeding and delayed menstrual cycles.
A、difficult
B、absent
C、excessive
D、decreased

11、In liquid-based cytology, samples are taken in the usual way but a brush-like device rather than a spatula.
A、brain
B、cell
C、kidney
D、gall

12、Millions of babies and children could soon be protected against the deadly disease----pneumonia.
A、lung
B、heart
C、body
D、spleen

13、The researchers noted that cognitive issues identified during the prospective study appear to be associated with hypoxia rather than with the quality and duration of sleep.
A、anoxia
B、hypomania
C、inadequate air supply
D、hypochondria

14、Doctors may also look at psychiatric causes like depression and bipolar disorder as well as lifestyle factors that contribute to the condition.
A、pertaining to the body
B、of an organism's normal function
C、of mental illness
D、according to the laws of nature

15、Hormonal imbalance can lead to dearth of sleep specially, in women specially, during the menopause season.
A、lack
B、increase
C、decrease
D、disturbance

症状列举

1、用英文列举你所了解的disorientation症状,不少于三种

第四章 Gene therapy

4.1 gene therapy随堂测验

1、Accoding to the text, what results in high blood pressure?
A、genetic factors
B、changes in a gene
C、environmental factors
D、the loss of gene activity in specific types of cells

2、The selection of a gene delivery system depends on _________.
A、the duration of gene expression required for therapeutic effect
B、the target cell
C、the size of the piece of DNA to be used in the gene therapy
D、the membrane that surrounds cells

4.3 word building随堂测验

1、Adrenomedullin(ADM) is a recently discovered endogenesis active peptide that has been detected in many tissues and is involved in many physiological and pathological process. (C)
A、renal
B、adenoid
C、adrenal gland
D、adrenalone

2、Two years later, the patient developed chest pain; pericardial effusion was detected, leading to a diagnosis of myxedema caused by hypothyroidism.
A、thyroid gland
B、thyroxine
C、thymus
D、thalamus

3、Combination of posteroventral pallidotomy (PVP) and thalamotomy is advisable for PD patients with intractable tremor. (D)
A、brain
B、brainstem
C、cerebellum
D、thalamus

查找资料,给出英文名词解释

1、查找资料,完成“gene therapy”、“bionic chip”两个英文名词解释,每个不超过120字。

第五单元 Mental Health

5.1 depression随堂测验

1、According to the text, which of the following statement is not recognition barrier of the patient towards depression?
A、Patients feel it a shame to acknowledge themselves or their physicians that they are emotionally depressed.
B、Patients believe that symptoms are the results of life stresses or other general medical problems.
C、Patients doubt the existence of depression because of the lack of confirmatory laboratory or radiologic studies.
D、Patients are unwilling to have a psychiatric diagnosis included in insurance or employment records.

2、What is an appropriate interview technique for a physician to elicit a patient’s related history?
A、A highly focused closed-ended interviewing technique.
B、To offer empathic, supportive comments during the interview.
C、To neglect nonverbal cues of the patients.
D、To steer the interview toward less difficult areas.

3、Why are some patients reluctant to take antidepressants?
A、They are afraid of getting addicted.
B、They may be dissuaded by side effects of medications.
C、They are likely to mislabel pretreatment symptoms as drug-related.
D、All of the above.

4、What is the advantage of the use of newer antidepressant?
A、They are less expensive.
B、Patients can lower the dosage.
C、They may have reduced adverse drug reactions.
D、They ae mostly used by managed care organizations.

5.3 word building随堂测验

1、The virus triggered myocarditis, a serious inflammation of the heart muscle.
A、atrium
B、ventricle
C、heart
D、muscle

2、An angiogram shows the location and severity of blockages in blood vessels.
A、blood
B、blood vessel
C、artery
D、vein

3、Factors that may suppress erythropoiesis include chronic debilitating diseases and endocrine disorders (such as hypothyroidism or hyperestrogenism).
A、cell
B、blood
C、white blood cell
D、red blood cell

定义陈述

1、查找以下两个术语的英文定义:抑郁症、双相障碍。每项定义不超过120字

第六单元 Medical Ethics

6.1 euthanasia随堂测验

1、The word “euthanasia” was first used in a medical context by Francis Bacon in the 17th century, to refer to ______________.
A、"a deliberate intervention undertaken with the express intention of ending a life, to relieve intractable suffering”
B、“termination of life by a doctor at the request of a patient”
C、an easy, painless, happy death, during which it was a “physician’s responsibility to alleviate the ‘physical sufferings’ of the body"
D、“painless inducement of a quick death”

2、According to Michael Wreen, the principal thing that distinguishes euthanasia from intentional killing simpliciter is _________________.
A、the suffering of a patient
B、the request of a patient
C、the doctor’s intervention
D、the agent’s motive

3、According to Draper, the elements that any definition of euthanasia must incorporate include _____________
A、an agent
B、a subject
C、an intention
D、a causal proximity

6.3 word building随堂测验

1、Anemia, splenomegaly, hepatomegaly and jaundice were principle manifestations of the disease.
A、intestine
B、liver
C、colon
D、rectum

2、The key points to decrease the morbidity and mortality of pancreaticoduodenectomy are delicate operative maneuver and effective perioperative treatment.
A、stomach
B、ileum
C、pancreas
D、rectum

3、Campylobacter bacteria are a major cause of foodborne diarrheal illness in humans and are the most common bacteria that cause gastroenteritis worldwide.
A、colon
B、liver
C、esophagus
D、stomach

4-6单元测验

1、Unlike the other three types of leukemia, some patients with CLL may have disease that does not progress for a long time.
A、red
B、yellow
C、white
D、black

2、The mysterious condition, called transverse myelitis, left John unable to walk for months.
A、marrow
B、blood
C、urine
D、muscle

3、They cause gastritis, and are also the most common cause of stomach ulcers.
A、liver
B、stomach
C、spleen
D、kidney

4、If the extraclasts form the predominant components, the sediment is a “calclithite” and is a type of terrigenous rock.
A、beside
B、behind
C、before
D、belong

5、A colorless, sweet-tasting gas, N2O, used as a mild anesthetic in dentistry and surgery.
A、ear
B、eye
C、tooth
D、nose

6、A symptom, not a disease, neuralgia is manifested by pain along the course of a nerve.
A、condition
B、sickness
C、paralysis
D、pain

7、Diabetic women had more cases of breast cancer, leukemia or cancer of the womb.
A、condition of vessel
B、condition of blood
C、condition of marrow
D、condition of urine

8、Further reductions in mortality will be attributed to our ability to identify, manage, and treat patients with risk factors for cardiovascular complications.
A、heart
B、lung
C、pancreas
D、chest

9、All patients had presented to respiratory teams with an exudative pleural effusion and had initial nondiagnostic thoracentesis.
A、colon
B、chest
C、throat
D、stomach

10、The menstrual disturbances mainly manifested dysmenorrhea, excessive bleeding and delayed menstrual cycles.
A、difficult
B、decreased
C、absent
D、overflow

11、Spinal cavernous angioma is a rare type of intraspinal vascular malformation, often lead to severe damage of the spinal cord.
A、adipocyte
B、tumor
C、tissue
D、vessel

12、Another diagnostic method is auscultation and olfaction.
A、hearing
B、smelling
C、tasting
D、seeing

13、The dorsal spinal cord commissural neurons form several ascending somatosensory pathways.
A、body
B、hand
C、foot
D、head

14、There was no significant difference on operation related index and radical index between laparoscope group and open group.
A、thoracic cavity
B、cranial cavity
C、abdominal cavity
D、articular cavity

15、Infection of the hip joint is most common in the neonate.
A、death
B、birth
C、stroke
D、sickness

概念复习

1、列出课文中Bacon对于安乐死的定义

第七单元 Medical insurance

7.1 PPACA随堂测验

1、According to “individual mandate”, individuals not covered by employer- or government-sponsored insurance plans can choose to ___________________________.
A、purchase minimal essential health insurance
B、pay a penalty
C、be exempted by the Internal Revenue Service
D、be waived in cases of financial hardship

2、Guaranteed issue and partial community rating will require insurers to offer the same premium to all applicants _________________________________________.
A、of the same age
B、of the same geographical location
C、without most pre-existing conditions
D、without tobacco use

7.3 word building随堂测验

1、Tachypnea is a form of inspiratory dyspnea unaccompanied by such clinical symptoms as constrained body position or cyanosis of the lips.
A、inspiration
B、inhalation
C、exhalation
D、breathing

2、Stomatocyte is an abnormal red blood cell which exhibits a slit or an oval-shaped area of pallor often due to edema.
A、nose
B、mouth
C、sinus
D、tongue

3、To do surgical operations at an accurate notch position and the right nursing of posture of body are the key to avoid trachea arteria anonyma fistula after tracheotomy.
A、lung
B、chest
C、windpipe
D、airway

列出三项PPACA资金来源

1、列出三项PPACA资金来源

第八单元 VCT

8.1 HIV/AIDS干预:VCT随堂测验

1、In the example in paragraph two, individuals in the comparison group who accepted counselling and testing at the first follow-up visit self-reported a _____________________ reduction in unprotected sexual intercourse.
A、35%
B、13%
C、4%
D、not mentioned

2、What is the aim of VCT in prevention?
A、To learn about how HIV is transmitted
B、To practice safer sex
C、To get a HIV test
D、To take steps to avoid becoming infected or infecting others

3、Specific VCT services are targeted on _____________________________.
A、young people and couples
B、pregnant women
C、injecting drug users
D、sex workers

8.3 word building随堂测验

1、Osteoarthritis is the result of infection, trauma or simply age, and is the leading cause of chronic disability worldwide.
A、bone
B、eye
C、ear
D、tissue

2、Chondroma of soft parts also affects the hands, but it is usually well circumscribed and has more well developed chondroid differentiation.
A、bile
B、cartilage
C、tendon
D、tissue

3、The discovery this year that the Greenland shark lives for 400 years, making it the longest-living vertebrate, puts our hectic lives into perspective.
A、vessel
B、ventricle
C、vestibule
D、spinal column

第九单元 Nutrition

9.1 nutrition随堂测验

1、Food patterns in childhood have little impact on dietary preferences and eating behavior in adult life.

2、Reference Nutrient Intakes (RNI) is used as a reference amount for the majority of individuals.

3、Most people obtain an adequate amount of vitamin D through exposure of the skin to the sunlight, so there is no need for estimated requirements for vitamin D.

4、During adolescence, peak bone mass achieved by girls of this age is typically greater than that achieved by boys.

9.3 word builidng随堂测验

1、Prostatic cancer is a common malignant tumor in male genitourinary system.
A、testicles
B、prostate gland
C、epididymis
D、reproductive organs

2、Chronic endometritis is one of common gynecological diseases.
A、vagina
B、womb
C、ovary
D、oviduct

3、The success of salpingostomy depend on several factors including the length of the reconstructed fallopian tube, microsurgical techniques and the site of salpingitis.
A、vagina
B、womb
C、ovary
D、oviduct

第十单元 obesity

10.1obesity随堂测验

1、What is not the possible cause of obesity according to the author?
A、Overeating.
B、No access to health care.
C、Minimum exercise.
D、Lack of self -control.

2、Morbidly obese people have a BMI of more than _____.
A、45
B、40
C、35
D、30

3、What is the impact of obesity towards economy?
A、Related medical costs have increased.
B、Productivity of obese people is greatly reduced.
C、American manufacturers are driven to locate to other countries.
D、All of the above.

10.3 word building随堂测验

1、Influenza is characterized by fever, myalgia, headache, pharyngitis, cough and prostration.
A、disease
B、pain
C、tumor
D、thirsty

2、Acute appendicitis usually develops without relation to the ingestion of food.
A、enlargement
B、swollen
C、dropping
D、inflammation

3、The etiology of delayed diabetic wound healing is multifactorial in which vasculopathy and neuropathy are major contributors.
A、disease
B、pain
C、tumor
D、muscle

Final Exam

构词法测验

1、Studies have found a lower risk of prostate cancer in men who grow bald earlier in life and baldness is often caused by androgen activity
A、female
B、male
C、children
D、the elderly

2、Diabetic women had more cases of breast cancer, leukemia or cancer of the womb.
A、condition of vessel
B、condition of blood
C、condition of marrow
D、condition of urine

3、Currently, transplants and dialysis are the only ways to treat kidney failure.
A、opposite
B、through
C、toward
D、away from

4、In liquid-based cytology, samples are taken in the usual way but a brush-like device rather than a spatula.
A、brain
B、cell
C、tissue
D、tendon

5、Shortly after her admission into the hospital she had a massive brain hemorrhage and died.
A、skin
B、nerve
C、poison
D、blood

6、While indirect ophthalmoscopy has largely replaced direct examination in the specialized practice of ophthalmologists, the ability to perform a fundsocopic examination remains important.
A、. cornea
B、eye
C、pupil
D、lens

7、Millions of babies and children could soon be protected against the deadly disease----pneumonia.
A、lung
B、heart
C、body
D、spleen

8、Megalocardia can be detected by physical examination and by a chest radiograph.
A、abnormally small
B、anterior
C、abnormally large
D、posterio

9、They cause gastritis, and are also the most common cause of stomach ulcers.
A、liver
B、stomach
C、spleen
D、kidney

10、People with diabetes, high farsightedness or retinitis pigmentosa, or those taking high doses of steroid medications have a greater risk of developing a subcapsular cataract.
A、brain
B、heart
C、kidney
D、eye

11、All patients had presented to respiratory teams with an exudative pleural effusion and had initial nondiagnostic thoracentesis.
A、colon
B、mouth
C、chest
D、throat

12、It is really just fibrinous pericarditis with hemorrhage.
A、around
B、central
C、posterior
D、. anterior

13、There was no significant difference on operation related index and radical index between laparoscope group and open group.
A、thoracic cavity
B、cranial cavity
C、abdominal cavity
D、articular cavity

14、When a polysaccharide is composed of two or more different monosaccharide units, it is a heteroglycan.
A、sugar
B、salt
C、water
D、air

15、A chromosome is a part of a cell in an animal or plant. It contains genes which determine what characteristics the animal or plant will have.
A、time
B、color
C、nucleus
D、colon

16、Instead, the team plans to use less invasive techniques, such as thermography and endoscopy to examine the sarcophagus.
A、upper
B、lower
C、internal
D、external

17、Every winter some old people die from hypothermia.
A、temperature
B、tension
C、weight
D、pressure

18、An adipocyte is an animal tissue cell specialized for the synthesis and storage of fat.
A、protein
B、fat
C、sugar
D、. starch

19、The dorsal spinal cord commissural neurons form several ascending somatosensory pathways.
A、hand
B、foot
C、body
D、head

20、A cerebrovascular accident, or stroke, which damages brain cells, is one possible cause to chronic confusion or disorientation.
A、brain
B、heart
C、liver
D、kidney

学习通医学英语阅读_2

尔雅医学英语阅读_2答案(
学习通2023题目答案)

在学习医学专业的过程中,学习医学英语阅读是必不可少的一部分。学习通医学英语阅读课程可以帮助我们提高英语阅读水平,同时也可以提高我们对医学知识的了解和掌握。以下将介绍学习通医学英语阅读_2课程的内容。

课程概述

学习通医学英语阅读_2课程包含了医学英语阅读的基础知识和相关技巧。课程内容涉及到医学英语的词汇、语法、句型和常用表达等方面。通过学习,我们可以掌握医学英语的基本阅读能力,提高医学英语的理解和运用能力,为今后的学习和工作打下坚实的基础。

课程内容

学习通医学英语阅读_2课程包含以下内容:

  • 医学英语词汇:介绍了医学英语中常用的词汇,包括疾病、药品、医疗器械等方面的词汇。
  • 医学英语语法:介绍了医学英语中常用的语法规则,包括主谓宾结构、时态等方面的语法知识。
  • 医学英语句型:介绍了医学英语中常用的句型,包括条件句、疑问句等方面的句型知识。
  • 医学英语表达:介绍了医学英语中常用的表达方式,包括正式用语、行话等方面的表达方式。
  • 医学英语阅读技巧:介绍了医学英语阅读的一些技巧和方法,包括词汇记忆、语法分析、句子理解等方面的技巧。

学习方法

学习通医学英语阅读_2课程的学习方法如下:

  • 认真听课:课程中的知识点需要认真听讲,对于不懂的地方可以及时请教老师或同学。
  • 积极参与讨论:课程中的讨论环节可以帮助我们更好地理解和掌握知识点。
  • 及时复习:课程结束后需要及时复习所学知识,加深记忆。
  • 多做练习:课程后提供的练习题可以帮助我们检验所学知识,提高英语阅读水平。

总结

学习通医学英语阅读_2课程是一门重要的课程,对于提高我们的英语阅读能力和医学知识掌握能力有很大的帮助。通过认真学习和练习,我们可以掌握医学英语的基本阅读能力,为今后的学习和工作打下坚实的基础。

学习通医学英语阅读_2

在医学学习中,学习医学英语是必不可少的。医学英语阅读是提高医学英语水平的必修课。学习通提供的医学英语阅读课程可以帮助医学学习者更好地掌握医学英语,并且提高其阅读能力,下面将介绍学习通医学英语阅读_2的相关内容。

课程目标

学习通医学英语阅读_2旨在帮助学习者掌握更多的医学英语词汇和表达方式,从而更好地阅读医学英语文章。具体目标包括:

  • 掌握更多的医学英语词汇;
  • 提高阅读医学英语文章的速度和准确度;
  • 了解医学领域的一些常见疾病和治疗方法。

课程内容

学习通医学英语阅读_2共分为四个部分,分别是:

  1. 医学英语词汇学习;
  2. 医学英语阅读练习;
  3. 常见疾病介绍;
  4. 医学研究报告阅读。

医学英语词汇学习

这一部分主要介绍医学英语中常见的专业术语和短语,如anatomy,physiology,pathology等等。学习者需要掌握这些词汇的含义和用法,并且记忆这些词汇的拼写和发音。

医学英语阅读练习

这一部分主要是针对学习者进行阅读练习,让学习者能够更好地理解医学英语文章。练习内容包括医学病例分析、病人病历记录等等。学习者需要在规定时间内完成阅读和理解,并且回答问题。

常见疾病介绍

这一部分主要介绍一些常见的疾病,如心脏病、糖尿病、高血压等等。学习者需要掌握这些疾病的基本知识、病因和治疗方法,并且学习相关的医学英语词汇和短语。

医学研究报告阅读

这一部分主要让学习者阅读医学研究报告,了解医学领域的最新研究成果。学习者需要掌握相关的医学英语词汇和短语,并且理解研究内容和结果。

学习效果

学习通医学英语阅读_2的学习效果令人满意。学习者可以通过这门课程提高其医学英语水平,掌握更多的医学英语词汇,提高其阅读能力。通过学习通医学英语阅读_2,学习者可以更好地理解医学英语文章,了解医学领域的最新研究成果,为以后的医学学习打下坚实的基础。

结语

学习医学英语阅读是医学学习的重要组成部分,学习通医学英语阅读_2让学习者更好地掌握医学英语,提高其阅读能力,为以后的医学学习打下坚实的基础。



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